Impacts of Unplanned Development on Northern Areas of Pakistan

Bahrain-Bazar-Bridge-River-Swat-Pakistan

Introduction Whenever we think about tourism with respect to our environment the first concept that comes to our mind is the ecotourism. Ecotourism is a type of tourism that involves efficient use of environment through eco-friendly transport conserving the environment and educating the tourists to help in raising funds for environmental conservation and support to […]

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Top 15 Countries with Worst Environmental Degradation

developing countries are mostly listed among less EPI score

Environmental Degradation: It is defined as the degradation of the Earth’s environment through anthropogenic activities. Natural catastrophic events are also responsible for environmental degradation but their contribution is far less than as compared to human activities. The environment of the Earth is degraded by overexploitation of natural reserves, habitat fragmentation, biodiversity loss, environmental issues such […]

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Tropical Thorn Forest Ecosystem of Pakistan – Climatic Biome

xerophytic species dominate the forest land

INTRODUCTION Tropical Thorn Forest: This forest primarily consists of plant species that are open, low and xerophytic. The vegetation of tropical thorn forests doesn’t include grasses. Tropical Thorn Forest Ecosystem: This forest ecosystem is predominated by thorny leguminous plant species. The arid regions receive less rainfall and this ecosystem can survive in water-scarce regions. Characteristics […]

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Coniferous (Taiga or Boreal) Forest of Pakistan – Climatic Biome

higher altitudes support boreal forest

INTRODUCTION Coniferous (Taiga or Boreal) Forest: It is defined as evergreen scale-leaved, cone-bearing, needle-leaved trees. It is present in locations where winters are longer. It receives precipitation in the form of snow. Coniferous (Taiga or Boreal) Forest Biome: Boreal biome usually consists of coniferous forests that include spruce, pine, and larches. Characteristics of Coniferous (Taiga […]

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Climate change and its Causes and Effects

global climate change is affecting the human population

INTRODUCTION Climate Change: Climate change is a complex phenomenon that is defined as long term changes in global or regional weather patterns that also includes large scale variations in global, regional and local climate pattern of the Earth. CAUSES OF CLIMATE CHANGE In simple terms, the causes of climate change include natural activities and anthropogenic […]

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