COP27: Introduction to Key Topics, Events and Its Importance

Sharm el Sheikh Conference on Climate Change: A Unique opportunity for the World to Take Together Action and Mitigatory Implementation on Climate Change


Every year the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change has held several conferences to resolve the global climate change issue and the COP27,that was happened in Sharm el Sheikh, Egypt from November 6 to November 18 is one of the recent conferences in this regard. The conference of Parties (COP) was created after the signing of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). COP meetings are held almost every year and are usually denoted by their number in the series, For-example COP27 is the 27th COP meeting. And each year different countries become in charge or host COP meetings.  The 27th COP meeting is hosted by Egypt, in Sharm el Sheikh, organizing and running the 27th annual meeting. Any new settlements which might be made at COP have a tendency to be named after the host city, e.g. At COP21, the 2015 Paris Climate Agreement, become followed, or at COP26, the 2021 Glasgow Climate Pact, changed into followed. In the 27th annual conference around 40,000 participants from all over the world participated in the annual climate change negotiation, to address the required movements for urgent and at-scale implementation of climate commitments and pledges. The meeting’s main objective is turning global commitments and pledges into reality through “Together for Implementation” to find a solution to stop worldwide temperatures beneath 2 degree Celsius.

Get a recap of COP26: How COP26 Aims To Tackle Climate Change – Save Environment

Climate Solidarity Pack or a Collective Suicide Pact

COP27 offers an opportunity for Decision-makers to stand in solidarity with the most vulnerable populations and put the world on way to a greater healthful and wealthy future. The United Nations, Secretary-General Antonio Guterres brought his statements at COP27 and called for a historic pact, saying that humanity has picks: its miles either Climate Solidarity Pack or a Collective Suicide Pact. It’s the time for worldwide harmony that respect and protect all human rights and guarantees safe, clean, and healthy space for all human beings to contribute to our climate response. Human war on nature and climate is a big violation of human rights. So the worldwide community ought to stop it and display its empathy toward weather and the environment. Further, he stated that richer polluting countries to return to the useful resource of poorer international locations which might be least answerable for the emission and weather exchange.

Also check out: These 11 Countries Risk Instability Due To Climate Change

COP27: Together for Implementation

Climate change requires solidarity, unity, and joint efforts. At COP27 countries come together to take action toward achieving the global collection goals as agreed upon under the Paris Agreement. The COP27 are in a new era of implementation by turning their commitments into action.  This is the spiritual theme of  COP27  “Together for Implementation” introduced by Egypt President Abdel Fattah El Sisi echoes the opening statements made one day we need action. To build sustainable action on climate change the heads of government negotiated on finance-related issues and cooperative implementation together under the 2015 Paris agreement (article 6.2). The slogan ‘Together for Implementation’ highlight the need for unity in the global response to climate change and its impacts. The Egyptian Environment Minister, Yasmin Fouad, said that the COP27 conference is an implementation conference and a phrase of implementation way to cover all the pledges, promises, and implementations made. Additionally, key outputs from the COP26 Glasgow agreement can be carried out through pointing to the 1.5°C worldwide temperature goal and the want for the private sectors commitment to driving the Net Zero target by way of them supplying the important funding to put into effect these dreams.

Also check out: Climate Change Adaptation Methods and Mitigation Strategies

Implementation of “Loss and damage”  Compensation

The COP27 implementation Summit of 2022 is the practical execution of the many pledges and agreements made in Paris and Glasgow. The COP27 most important key area is delivering on commitments to finance climate action in developing countries. This implementation summit call its hot topic the implementation of “Loss and Damage” which demanded special funds to address loss and damage. This fund should compensate or fix the polluters, who have done harm and damage. The COP’s big deal is to turn words into action and implementation.COP27 successful agenda is that the US and other major emitters must make progress and create a loss and damage fund at COP27 and stop blocking loss and damage funds.

Read Why We Can’t Afford To Ignore or Deny Climate Change Anymore?

Key Topics and Events of COP27:

On each day COP27 arranged around one or two themes and events made accordingly. The themes and key events are the Implementation summit (7-8 Nov), finance day (9 Nov), science, youth and future generation day (10 Nov), decarbonizations day ( 11 Nov), Adaptation and agriculture day ( 12 Nov), Gender and Water day ( 14 Nov), Civil society and Energy day (15 Nov), Biodiversity day ( 16 Nov), Solution day ( 17 Nov).

Also read: Climate Change Is Increasing Water Scarcity Around The World

 Key Goals of COP27:

The COP27 presidency outlined four key Goals mainly focused on mitigation, reducing emissions to limit climate damage, climate finance, and climate adaptation.

  • Mitigation

As part of the Paris Agreement, every country agreed to communicate or update its emissions reduction targets. The 27th Conference of All Parties limited global average temperature to ‘well below 2°C, and ideally 1.5°C, above pre-industrial levels. . On 17 of Nov more than 150 countries signed the Methane pact, the pledge to cut emissions of GHGs by 30% is a join global efforts to limit planetary warming to 1.5°C. For mitigation, countries communicate their emissions reduction targets and build resilience. Building on Glasgow’s commitments, all countries must reduce deforestation and loss of biodiversity, this will strengthen the relationship between biodiversity and climate by highlighting key methods to increase ecosystem resilience to climate change.

  • Adaptation

The 12 November is celebrated as a key day for Adaptation to reduce vulnerability, build capacity to adapt and resilience, and integrate climate adaptation into policies and planning at a national level.  The COP27 Aims to build partnerships between governments, businesses, investors, and cities and regions to deliver urgent action on climate adaptation.

To learn more, read: What is Climate Change Adaptation? – Importance and Methods

  • Loss and damage Finance

Loss and damage emerge as one of the major themes during COP27. Developing countries, which contribute least to climate change have called for financial assistance from developed countries whose current and historic activities have largely contributed to the climate crisis. The financial compensation includes the delivery of the promised $100 billion per year to assist developing countries from 2020 to 2025.

Also read: Increasing Natural Disasters due to Climate Change

  • Collaboration`

COP27 brings together government representatives, businesses, private sectors, civil society, youth, women, and investors to spread awareness and build alliances to tackle climate change. Because climate change depends on the involvement of women, youngsters, civil society, industries, and the working government. Business needs a framework that encourages investment and the government needs entrepreneurs who are able to transform ambition into action.


The 2022 COP27 implementation Summit is a new era and opportunity for the nations and leaders to move from commitment into action. This conference on Climate change offers Together Climate Action and Implementation with its main theme “Together for Implementation” building unions to fight climate change. To combat climate change, government across the world are committed to a sustainable future. Government, businesses and civil society must work together more effectively to reach a common goal. COP27 will secure its legacy not just as a platform for meaningful progress on adaptation and finance, but also as the starting point for a roadmap for more comprehensive climate change action.

You might also be interested in: How Much Time Earth Has Before Climate Change Destroys it?


This article was contributed by Nosheen Jahan. 

Nosheen is an undergraduate law student at Kinnaird College for Woman University Lahore. She is a passionate campaigner and working for Animals rights protection and Environmental Rights Protection in Pakistan. Her mission is to build people’s power in vulnerable communities to achieve environmental health and justice by preventing and reducing pollution and building green, healthy, sustainable and peaceful communities and environments. She has been a former Legal Intern at Pakistan Center of Legal Research and Publication (PCLRP). Her work has been published by PCL Student Journal of Law. She has been also recognized as a UNLEASH Talent for her contributions to SDG 13, SDG 14 and SDG 15. Her area of interest includes: Environmental justice, Human Rights, Gender Issues in Law, Animal jurisprudence, Constitutional law, Climate Justice and International law.

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