The 11 countries that could face major instability due to the climate change include Pakistan, Afghanistan, Burma, Haiti, Honduras, Iraq, Colombia, Guatemala, North Korea, Nicaragua and India. This has been reported in the first of its type published report by the National Intelligence Estimate on Climate Change Report. This can lead to the decrease in food, water and energy in the above-mentioned countries that will not only result in poverty, in tribal communities, they can lose expectation from the government and result in the increase of the social, political and economic instability as reported by the U.S Intelligence.
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These countries can face more severe effects after the year 2030 and may require humanitarian help due to increased instability owing to climate change. The report that has been published has the following main points.
- Increase in global temperatures and rainfall can cause vector-based diseases such as the malaria, dengue and diarrhea in Central America and South Asia. This could lead to loss of precious life.
- Powerful cyclones with more frequency can contaminate water bodies causing dengue and malaria in Haiti, Honduras, Guatemala, Afghanistan, Iran, India and Pakistan.
- Climate change will increase biodiversity loss causing plants and animals to extinct that leads to more habitat loss that the population may depend on for food or medicine.
- Heat waves with excessive rainfall have already destroyed maize and bean crops in Central America. The countries like Guatemala, Honduras are likely to face food insecurity risk.
Role of developed Nations
These countries also lack financial capitals and resources to adapt to the climate change risks. For more information read our new article What is Climate Change Adaptation? – Importance and Methods. It is therefore duty of the foreign government and other institutions to help in financing of these developing countries against the climate change and its impacts so that they can mitigate and try to adapt as much as possible to the present and future scenario like poverty, water scarcity, food insecurity.
These efforts are stopped due to poor governance, poor infrastructure, less financial resources and corruption practices. The developed nations should help in devising and formulating policies, rules and regulations as they have already practiced and formulated such policies.
South East Asia
According to the report published by the United States intelligence South East Asian countries like Pakistan, Afghanistan and India are considered to be highly vulnerable as they are not fully prepared with respect to abilities and facilities in fighting against the climate change and its impacts. Have a look at How Much Time Earth Has Before Climate Change Destroys it?
Afghanistan is mostly vulnerable due to water scarcity, heat waves, drought and lack of government help and incompetency. Water scarcity will also create problems in the South East Asian region specifically India and Pakistan.
Pacific and Central Africa
Climate change can also impact the Islands of the pacific region and the Central Africa causing people to dislocate or migrate. They are also highly vulnerable regions as reported by the U.S Intelligence. The report also suggests that the countries that export fossil fuels for their revenues will resist towards moving to a zero-carbon world as they can face geopolitical and economic costs. The Arctic region will increase their competitive activities due to the loss of the polar ice caps and increase in temperature. This can cause political tensions also. It has been predicted that there will be an international competition in the Arctic that will be mainly economic by 2040 as commercial and military activity will grow and opportunities are more increased. Therefore it has become our duty to slow down the climate change process as much as possible through mitigation and adaptation plans so that under developed countries can prepare themselves.
Have a look at our article What is Climate Justice and Why Is It Important?
It has become necessary for us to help the poorly developed nations against their fight with climate change and its impacts. We should try to fight with climate change as a global village as climate change is not affecting a specific region but the whole world in someway or another.
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I dream of becoming planet Earth’s greatest environmental scientist and climate change activist. Utilising my carbon foot print to create social media awareness and promote sustainability.