The need for energy is constantly increasing all around the world and the reason is developing industries and technology-based systems. The energy crisis is a common issue in Pakistan as the country doesn’t have enough energy sources to meet the demand of the increasing population. Many places in Pakistan don’t have electricity while in urban areas load shedding lasts for more than 8 hours a day. Due to poor economic conditions, the country is unable to buy fuel sources on large scale.
When it comes to energy sources environmental sustainability should be taken into consideration. The objectives of sustainable development require a clean green environment by using renewable energy sources.
Ongoing Energy Conditions in Pakistan
Pakistan uses fossil fuel as energy sources that include liquid petroleum gas, oil, natural gas, and coal. Other sources are hydropower and nuclear energy. Coal-based energy counts for 4.5% of the total electricity supply. Hydropower-based electricity has a 9.2 % contribution and nuclear energy accounts for 1.1 % entire electricity supply. Oil, gas, and liquid petroleum gas have a major contribution to the total electricity supply that shares 85.2 % of all electricity sources.
Pakistan – An Ideal Country for Solar Energy Generation
According to published research, the location of Pakistan makes it a favorable country for its dependence on solar energy. The summers are longer than any other season and days are shiny for most of the time in the year. Solar energy-based electricity can be provided to remote places in the country where conventional electricity is not present especially in deserts and mountainous areas. Pakistan requires plans and strategies to initiate the development of indigenous energy sources such as solar, wind, and hydropower.
Solar energy can be used to produce electricity and other than that solar cookers and solar water heaters are prime examples of solar energy-based products that are widely used in the world.
Shifting to renewable energy sources such as solar energy will reduce the burden on fossil fuel import as well as this is environmentally friendly technology.
The whole world is dependent on oil, gas, and coal reserves for energy production. These reserves are nonrenewable energy sources that are being depleted due to overexploitation. Nuclear energy emerged as a good substitute but handling radioactive waste is the biggest concern.
Fossil fuels are responsible for environmental pollution. The release of toxins, gases, and other pollutants from fossil fuel combustion is extensively polluting the environment. The world needs renewable energy sources in order to tackle ever-increasing environmental issues.
It is recommended that the infrastructure in Pakistan needs improvement. Great efforts are required to bring change to the country by introducing cheap renewable energy sources. If adequate strategies are adopted, the economic burden of imported oil will be reduced. The government should start massive campaigns in order to spread awareness related to solar energy.
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– MS Environmental Science
– Content Writer
Researcher, Nature Lover, and Environmentalist