Floating photovoltaic technology – An answer to Pakistan’s electricity crisis?

floating photovoltaic vs land based photovoltaic technology
  • Published research indicates the possible implementation of floating photovoltaic technology in Pakistan.
  • Pakistan is in immense need of floating photovoltaic technology to overcome the energy crisis.
  • The climatic conditions of Pakistan are already in favor of the floating photovoltaic technology system.


The economic development of any country is dependent on an uninterrupted power supply. From small to large businesses and major industries in the whole world needs electricity for the completion of their day to day work.
An energy crisis is one of the most prevailing issues in the history of Pakistan. Although there are immense energy sources present in the country, adequate utilization and management of energy sources are required. Recently a massive blackout happened in Pakistan that swamped the whole country into darkness. Keeping the presented scenario in view Pakistan requires renewable, cheap, and clean energy sources that fulfill the energy demand all around the country.

Energy Sources of Pakistan

Pakistan produces electricity by utilizing various energy sources. It includes fossil fuels, renewable energy sources, and uranium. All energy sources are availed to some extent for electricity production. The electricity produced through fossil fuels is based on coal, gas, and oil-based power generation plant. However, a large quantity of oil is imported to meet the demand for electricity consumption. Renewable energy sources involve hydropower, wind, and solar-based plants.

Research Summary – Floating photovoltaic technology

Pakistan is lacking enough energy sources for meeting the growing demand for electricity by the whole country. Reviewing the energy crisis, recent research reported the possible implementation of floating photovoltaic technology in Pakistan. According to published research, the floating photovoltaic technology system is much better than any other renewable energy source. The comparison was made with other renewable energy sources as well as land-based photovoltaic systems. The presented technology is specifically designed for commercial use where the water bodies and uninterrupted sunlight is present. The detailed research has pointed out that Pakistan is the most appropriate country for this technology system.

Drawbacks of Floating Photovoltaic Technology

The study reported three basic drawbacks. One drawback is, it requires considerable capital investment at the beginning of implementation. The capital investment makes it uncertain for domestic level application. The presence of sunlight and water resource is crucial for the functioning of the floating photovoltaic technology system.


The advantages associated with floating photovoltaic systems are huge as compared to other renewable energy sources. The climate and topology of Pakistan as well as natural and artificial water reserves favor the execution of floating photovoltaic technology. This technology will serve arid regions most efficiently that are most likely to face water scarcity issues in near future.


In times of energy crisis and environmental issues, this system is a great renewable energy source Pakistan can rely on. It should be implemented at the national level so people who are unaware of this Floating Voltaic technology can take advantage of it.

Another article related to renewable energy: Waste to Energy Plants Can Curb Pakistan’s Electricity Crisis

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