There is no doubt that South Asian countries are among the top countries along with the African continent where climate change is showing severe consequences. This situation could be explained by the monsoon season which has altered over a period of time. Climate change is propelling the intensity of extreme weather events by causing loss of property, lives, animals, vegetation, etc.
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INDIA AND CLIMATE CHANGE
India is the second most populated country on the Earth that is facing environmental challenges. India is a major contributor to environmental pollution and this callous disregard for the environment and their government policies and beliefs (Remember Indian PM Narendra Modi saying “Climate has not changed. We have changed..”) has come to bite them as their own environment is seriously affected by climate change.
India shares a much less percentage of greenhouse gases emissions as compared to developed countries on the world map. However, the economic struggles of the country to join the race of developed countries are making it suffer devastating impacts.
HOW CLIMATE CHANGE IS AFFECTING INDIA’S ENVIRONMENT?
Climate change is rigorously affecting the environment of India. Poverty is one of the major issues of India along with that increasing environmental crises are negatively impacting the country.
The news sources have reported that many cities get flooded during monsoon season. There is no adequate management during the rainy season due to which many precious lives are lost. The floods also lead to huge losses to properties and livestock. The poor, as a result, get poorer – continuing the viscous cycle of poverty.
The air emissions from industries and transportation are severely affecting the air quality of India. Out of the top ten most polluted cities in the world, majority are from India – this does say something about the air quality in India and the toxins the people are being forced to breathe and as pollution knows no borders, this air pollution also crosses into the neighboring country of Pakistan. Currently, major cities of both India and Pakistan are covered in smog and people are experiencing respiratory diseases.
The most recent example of environmental pollution that can be observed in India is the accumulation of toxic foam on the surface of one of the rivers of the country. This is dangerous for the well-being of the people. Along with these environmental issues, there is also a shortage of food and water in India because of water scarcity. The factories running in India are discharging toxic chemicals in the water bodies, the recent foam formation is an example of such contamination.
DEVELOPED COUNTRIES APPROACH TOWARD DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
Developed countries are also known as superpowers on Earth are contributing to a huge portion of global greenhouse gases emissions. But the fact is, this burden has to share by developing nations on the Earth. In almost, every COP conference, new solutions are presented but for developing and underdeveloped nations, this attitude of developed nations signals that these countries consider themselves exempted from such rules and regulations that prohibit the actions that are against environmental degradation.
The environment of the Earth is continuously being exposed to degradation by human activities. The countries that are the biggest polluters on the Earth yet resist taking responsibility for environmental degradation. India is one of those countries that is a major contributor to environmental pollution as well as being mostly affected by climate change. The country must adopt sustainable solutions in order to lessen its contribution to global carbon emissions and to save its environment from further degradation.
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– MS Environmental Science
– Content Writer
Researcher, Nature Lover, and Environmentalist