10 Reason of Why Butterflies are Dying and How We Can Save Them

butterflies are declining in number due ti climate change, habitat loss, pesticides, etc.


Butterflies including moths are a group of insects from the order Lepidoptera. The adult butterflies are characterized by bright colorful large wings. Moths hide during the day and fly during the night. Butterflies use chemical defense, camouflage, and other defensive adaptations in order to protect themselves from predators.

Habitat of Butterflies

The diverse variety of butterflies lives in different habitats. Some butterflies travel long distances. The common habitats where butterflies live include mountainous areas, grasslands, wetlands, forests, dunes, mangroves, salt marshes. etc.

Importance of Butterflies

Butterflies are important pollinators. Check out the importance and decline of bees. Pollination is a key source of fruit production in the world. You might like Top 10 Informative Environmental Books To Read

10 Reason – Why Butterflies are Dying

1- Climate Change

Warm autumns are occurring due to global climate change. So, it is pertinent fact that climate change is responsible for declining butterfly populations.

2- Carbon emissions

The rising level of carbon emissions in the air due to anthropogenic activities is threatening the populations of butterflies.

3- Harmful Pesticides

Farmers use pesticides to control weed growth that in return prove to be dangerous for butterflies.

4- Habitat Destruction

Habitat destruction such as logging trees is also one of the reasons.

5- Increasing Surface Temperature

Increasing surface temperature is one of the reasons

6- Insecticides

The use of insecticides such as neonicotinoids can kill butterflies.

7- Genetically Modified Crops

Genetically modified crops often cause the death of butterflies.

8- Air Pollution

Smoke is toxic for butterflies. The population growth of butterflies has been reduced due to increasing air pollution. Check out February 2021 Brings Hazardous Levels of Smog in Lahore.

9- Droughts

Changes in precipitation patterns due to climate changes lead to droughts. The dry weather conditions encourage bushfires/wildfires. Check out increasing natural disasters due to climate change.

10- Invasive species

Invasive plant species can kill the larvae of the butterflies.

How We Can Save Butterflies

We can save butterflies in a number of ways.

  • Growing plant species on which butterflies feed can increase them in number.
  • The use of pesticides should be banned by the Government.
  • People should not spray herbicide in their gardens.
  • Genetically modified crops should be avoided.
  • One of the solutions is switching to substitutes that could help to tackle climate changes.
  • Native plant species can promote the biodiversity of butterflies.
  • Habitat restoration is a critical point in saving butterflies.
  • Banning illegal tree logging could be a helpful solution.
  • Afforestation can help reduce the impacts of increasing carbon emissions in the air that threatens butterflies.
  • People should be made aware of the importance of butterflies.


Butterflies are pollinators that play a critical role in pollination. Climate change is not only affecting humans, animals but insects as well. Some of the key points that are causing the decline in the population of butterflies are climate change, the use of pesticides, and habitat destruction. Human activities are negatively impacting insects important for food production in the world.

Also, check out 12 Indigenous Plant Species of Pakistan

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