The underdeveloped nations are facing the consequences of climate changes due to two reasons, which are resource scarcity and unsustainable adaptive capacity. Pakistan is also a developing nation and so it is experiencing impacts of climate change at every level. Extreme weather events are occurring in Pakistan frequently now.
Pakistan is an agricultural country where it counts for 42% labor force in this sector. Agriculture contributes to 25% of GDP in the country. It produces 75% of export revenue. Millions of people have their livelihood linked with this occupation. However, this sector is showing its extreme vulnerability to climate change.
Agriculture in Pakistan and Overall Effects of Climate Change on Agriculture Zone
In Pakistan, the agriculture section is facing adverse impacts induced by climate change and which are increasing temperature, less yields, droughts, floods, etc. There are variations in weather patterns including low precipitation.
The changing climate is influencing net crop production that ultimately affects the economy of the country in a negative way. . The decreasing rate in crop yield will show its effects on all public sectors including industries.
Outcomes will be affecting consumption at household levels, for instance, reduced production and fewer incomes. Inflation will prevail and the whole country will suffer eventually.
Adaptation strategy is a possible solution to tackle climate change announced by the Ministry of Climate Change. Adaptation strategy includes water conservation strategies such as the construction of water reservoirs, dams, and improved irrigation practices that will help to tackle extreme weather events as well as increase crop yields.
There is published research based on the situation of agriculture in Punjab Province of Pakistan. It includes various aspects of the challenges faced by farmers, and the initiatives started by the Government.
The overall finding can be evaluated as the government has initiated awareness campaigns at the provincial level followed by enhancing institutional capacity, promoting researches on climate change, establishing academic linkage, upgrading capacity building, and involving farmers in ongoing adaptation strategies related to climate change. The autonomous adaptation contains swapping planting dates, fertilizers, and types of crops as well as planting shade trees.
Planned level adaptation involves the coordination among the concerning sectors, academic engagements, and accessibility to finance. Autonomous initiatives include farmers’ experiences, sustainable agriculture yield, and knowledge being shared.
Pakistan is among the most affected countries by climate change and it is a known fact that the changing climate will show its effects on the overall crop production in the country. Ministry of Climate Change has announced an alarming situation that droughts, frequent floods, and severe weather conditions will result in huge losses in the economy.
Prime Minister Imran Khan has already highlighted the negative impacts of climate change on crop yields. The Ministry has recommended that the Government should work towards adaptive capacities. Adaptation strategies are the only solution to changing climate that includes changing irrigation practices and crop variety.
Also, check out Climate Change and Its Impact on Pakistan
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– MS Environmental Science
– Content Writer
Researcher, Nature Lover, and Environmentalist