Consequences of Climate Change on Pastoralists in Pakistan

pastoralist community suffering climatic conditions
  • Published research reported consequences of climate change on sustainability and resiliency of pastoralists in Punjab, Pakistan.
  • The community of Pastoralists and their livestock is highly vulnerable to changing climatic conditions.
  • The study method was based on the principal component analysis in order to find out the factors targeting the community of pastoralists.

Introduction
Pastoralists are a group of people living in rangelands basically and following the tradition of pastoralism. The term pastoralism involves the production of livestock on a large scale. The livestock mainly comprises camels, sheep, cattle, goats, yaks, reindeer, and horses. The community keeps moving from one location to a nearby location where there is the availability of water sources and greenery. The livelihood system of the pastoralist community revolves around livestock.

Types of Pastoralist Community
There are more than 200 million pastoralists living throughout the world. Some pastoralists migrate with their herds, while other groups move seasonally. The community uses livestock to fulfill its nutritional need and produces non-food products including wool and fiber.

Effects of Climate Change on Pastoralists
Pakistan is getting extremely influenced by climatic changes. Every part of the country is showing vulnerability to hazards caused by changes in climate. The severe climatic effects on the community of pastoralists in Punjab Pakistan are distressing. Climate changes have negative impacts on the environment of Pakistan causing droughts, floods, and outbreaks of diseases in livestock. As a result, the community suffers losses in livestock and experiences problems in livelihood. Urbanization is also affecting pastoralists. The studies found out that the community of pastoralists and their livestock is highly vulnerable to changing climatic conditions.

Research Summary
The pastoralists of Punjab Pakistan affected by climate change were studied. The aim of the published study was to concentrate on points that are influencing the resilience of the pastoralist and evaluate certain mediatory measures. For highlighting problems faced by the community of pastoralists, previous climatic events, and their effects were also taken into consideration. The gathered data included information from more than 700 pastoralists who experienced climatic events followed by their respective abiding adaptive measures and surviving strategies. Adaptive measures were beekeeping, enhanced stock breeding, afforestation, enclosures, etc.

The research methodology was based on a resilience index formulated by principal component analysis. The structured probit regression model was also used for the result evaluation of estimated institutional reasons.

Recommendation
Keeping the view of the consequences related to climate change, the study recommended that there is a need to focus on the long-term adaptive capacity of the pastoralists and this is possible with immediate investment. Back in the days, risk-reducing measures were given foremost attention by investment while policy measures and long-term adaptive strategies were passed over.

Also, check out; Urbanization affects Microclimate of Abbottabad Pakistan

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