Impact of Corona virus Pandemic on the Environment of Pakistan

corona virus lockdown improved air quality in major cities of Pakistan
  • The latest research summarized the impacts of the corona virus pandemic on the environment of Pakistan.
  • Globally, WHO declared the corona virus as a pandemic disease, the corona virus spread across more than 215 countries.
  • Where it caused massive deaths and socioeconomic deadlock, surprisingly the air quality was improved.
  • Major Cities of Pakistan had a better quality of air as compared to previous years.


At the end of the year 2019, who knew what the destination of 2020 is? The news of strange and new disease was being reported in Wuhan City, China. How people were falling sick and experiencing respiratory complications. Then, all of sudden the disease took a short run and spread globally affecting more than 215 countries. The world faced a varied degree of socioeconomic lockdown.

After continuous scientific research, causes and effects remained unknown.  World Health Organization declared the corona virus as a pandemic disease. The symptoms showed extreme variations from person to person. However the few issued suggestions – based on conclusive research – were asked the whole world to follow included maintaining social distance, washing hands for 20 seconds, frequently washing hands, and wearing masks. Currently, all these precautions are being observed everywhere on the Earth.

Check out: Sources and Effects of Common Air Pollutants


In Pakistan, the situation was more or less similar.  The lockdown severely impacted low-income communities. The latest research carried out to highlight the impacts of corona virus pandemic on the environment of Pakistan. As people were strictly asked to stay at home and continue their work from home. The factories were shut and there was less population roaming on the roads throughout the country.


Recently published research has reported that the impacts of the corona virus on the environment of Pakistan seemed positive. The air quality showed improvement during the pandemic lockdown.

The methodology of research included statistical techniques. The data was collected and evaluated using satellite and ground-level observations. The air quality was compared using datasets between January to mid-March 2020 and the start of the pandemic in March to December 2020.

The research concluded that there might be a correlation between the spread of Covid- 19 and poor air quality while populace areas with degraded air quality are more vulnerable to extreme dangers of pandemics.


According to the research, the concentration of particular matter 2.5 that causes air pollution dropped to permissible limits. Hence the air quality improved in major cities of Pakistan where most of the industrial activities are carried out. The cities include Lahore, Islamabad, Karachi, Quetta, and Peshawar.


The results of the research could be taken as a strategy to improve the air quality of congested cities. The growing population in major cities is exposed to high levels of particulate matter 2.5 due to increasing anthropogenic activities that show negative impacts on the health of residents. Further detailed research should be carried out to find out the key relationship between weather conditions and the spread of Covid disease.


The preventive measure for corona virus should still be continued. It is recommended in the research that the government could follow smart lockdown strategies in order to limit anthropogenic activities that in return will reduce air emission.

Also check out: COVID-19 Crisis Impacting Environmental Sustainability

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