Pakistan’s Native Vultures – Reasons for Population Decline?

Introduction: In Pakistan, Vultures are also known locally as ‘Giddhs’ are considered to be an omen of bad luck in some South Asian societies and tribes whereas simultaneously, there are communities and tribes across South Asia that also consider them to be sacred. From an ecological perspective, vultures or giddhs are extremely important for our […]

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Pakistani Tourists and the Fruit Trees of Gilgit Baltistan

Introduction: Gilgit-Baltistan region of Pakistan is one of the most picturesque and scenic regions. It is also a hotbed of diverse flora and fauna as well as rich culture of the various mountain villages and communities living there since thousands of years with their own food, traditions and various festivals that also serve as an […]

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Deadly Tourism Season in Pakistan’s Northern Areas 2023

Introduction: Pakistan has been a popular tourism destination since 2018 before the growing tourism industry came to a halt due to the pandemic. After 2021, the industry picked its pace back due to more locals and foreigners wanting to travel after the pandemic lockdowns worldwide. However, with the rising instances of extreme weather events and […]

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Crucial Role of Oil in Ecosystem Balance: Exploring Oil Pollution and the Oil Industry’s Impact


Introduction Oil, an integral component of the Earth’s geology, plays a vital role in maintaining ecological balance. However, the exploitation of oil resources, alongside its associated pollution and the practices of the oil industry, has ignited concerns about the toll on our environment. This article delves into the essentiality of oil within the ecosystem, scrutinizes […]

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Exploring Pakistan’s Vulnerability to Climate Change: A Closer Look

climate change impacts

In recent years, Pakistan has faced a series of disasters, notably the devastating flood of 2022, which has strikingly highlighted the increasing impacts of climate change. As these events unfold, it becomes clear that the technologies available to manage these challenges are unfortunately limited. This is a call to action that we simply cannot afford […]

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The Predicament of Occupational Health And Safety In Pakistan – An Unending Plight


Maliha Tahira*, Amatul Quddus Furqanab, Shahzaib Ahmadc, Sejal Lund d a Tahir Heart Hospital, Chiniotb Karachi Medical and Dental College, Karachi, Pakistanc Mayo Hospital, Lahore, Pakistand Shaheed Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto Medical College, Karachi, Pakistan ABSTRACT: The occupational health and safety (OHS) conditions in Pakistan are below standard, compromising the health and quality of life of […]

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Innovative Methods For Textile Waste Management

Introduction: What is Textile Industry? Textile refers to the production and manufacturing of yarn fiber, fabric and clothing used for the purpose of making and designing clothes used by the various industries including fast fashion as well as various other sectors like engineering for road reinforcements, insulation material etc. What are the Impacts of Textile […]

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